Can the hottest forest paper integration lift the

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Can "forestry paper integration" lift the paper industry out of the trough

it is reported that China's paper industry has long pursued the "grass based" development strategy, resulting in low quality paper products and weak competition; With the opening of China's entry into WTO, "foreign paper" and "foreign pulp" surged, accounting for almost half of China's paper industry. In order to save China's paper industry, the national development and Reform Commission plans to let the forest paper industry close together and strike hard

"forestry paper integration"

"I just heard this news, and I haven't got the official document yet, but I feel that I have a bottom in my heart. In the past, because the country didn't have the relevant official document, I always felt that I didn't rely on what to do and couldn't find the direction. Some outdated forestry policies bound us out of breath, and I think this plan will let us loose..." Mr. Xiong, the first enterprise in China to establish a forestry paper integration mechanism - Yunnan Yunjing forestry Paper Co., Ltd., said excitedly next: "the national development and Reform Commission recently issued the Tenth Five Year Plan and 2010 special plan for the construction of the national forestry paper integration project, which is undoubtedly a 'golden sword' for our enterprises that spontaneously engage in forestry paper integration."

the paper industry has entered the autumn of death.

in the business hall of Galaxy stock exchange, the Shuanglin (pseudonym) paper stock index on the display screen has fallen all the way, and investors holding the stock have sold off their stocks. The capital stock of Shuanglin paper company is 399.73 million shares, and the circulating capital stock is 188.6 million shares. The earnings per share of the previous year was 0.011 yuan, and the earnings per share of the first three quarters of last year was - 0.26 yuan. There was a big decline in performance in 2001, with net profit falling by 93%. The loss in the first quarter of 2002 reached 38.48 million yuan, and production was stopped in June. A person in charge of the company sighed helplessly: "Alas! There is no way. The shortage of domestic papermaking raw materials (wood) resources and the rise in prices have increased the production costs of the company."

for listed companies, the life of small enterprises is even harder. In Henan Yanqiu paper factory, I saw that this is a private enterprise. The factory has stopped production, and only boss Lin is on duty. I went to the warehouse of this enterprise on the ground of buying paper. The door of the warehouse was full of spiders, and the warehouse was full of paper. The quality of supporting paper is not good. Zhang busily said, "the quality is almost the same as that of imported paper, but it is cheap." When asked why he didn't produce high-quality paper, Zhang angrily said, "who doesn't want to have a good quality? We should use more wood pulp. Wood raw materials are so expensive. We have to pay a fee every intersection, and the tax should reach 50% to 70% of the cost of buying wood." His statement was confirmed by an official of the forestry bureau. Finally, it was really embarrassing. He almost begged: "you have to give a price anyway. I don't want to do this business anymore. By analogy, you can give some money anyway."

on the other hand, it is a different scene. In Tianjin port, a large crane is loading a container full of paper products on the ship onto a truck. It was learned from the control room that imported paper products arrived at the port within a few days

in recent years, the growth rate of the paper industry has continued to exceed the growth rate of GDP. At present, most of other major domestic products are in oversupply, and high-grade paper has been in short supply for a long time. According to the data provided by the national development and Reform Commission, in 2002, China's consumption of paper and paperboard reached 43.32 million tons, and its domestic output was 37.8 million tons. The total import of paper products (wood pulp, waste paper, paper and paperboard, paper products) was 18.75 million tons, and the remittance reached more than 7 billion US dollars. China has become a major consumer, producer and importer in the world's paper industry. At present, China's paper industry has become one of the few industries in the development of the national economy that is in short supply and has great market potential. It is predicted that the consumption of paper and paperboard in China will be about 5 million tons in 2005, which is really a necessary choice for the upper class society. It will reach 70million tons in 2010

what is the root cause of "worshiping foreign countries and fawning on foreign countries" in the consumption of paper products in China

experts pointed out that "the raw material structure dominated by non wood fibers is the fundamental reason for the small average scale, backward technology and equipment, low product grade, serious pollution and weak competitiveness of Chinese paper enterprises."

according to relevant sources of the China Paper Association, China's paper-making raw materials are mainly non wood fibers, and the proportion of wood pulp for paper-making is very small, with the proportion of wood pulp less than 10%. Compared with the international modern paper industry using more than 90% of wood pulp for paper-making, it is obviously not comparable

China's choice of straw pulp papermaking has a profound economic and social background. On the one hand, China is a large agricultural country with rich grass resources; On the other hand, China is short of forest resources

it is no exaggeration to say that the unreasonable structure of raw materials has become the bottleneck of the development of domestic paper industry. Only the characteristics of wood fiber can meet the requirements of manufacturing high-grade, high-speed and high-quality products and the requirements of high-speed, high-efficiency and large-scale production of modern paper industry. Industry insiders have long concluded that wood papermaking is superior to grass fiber in pulp yield, finished product comparison, environmental protection, economies of scale, raw material storage and so on

In 1951, at the second national paper industry conference, it was proposed that the development direction of China's paper industry should be "dominated by wood pulp, supplemented by straw pulp". However, a major turning point occurred in 1958, and the development strategy of "dominated by straw" was put forward, which made China's paper industry go astray from then on

reflecting on the development of domestic paper industry, the "dispute between vegetation" is becoming clearer. At the Hainan Forest Pulp paper integration seminar, the participants unanimously reiterated that vigorously developing wood pulp paper is the general trend

"replacing grass with wood" will damage forest resources

the volume of forest trees in the United States was about 5.2 billion cubic meters in 1952, and by 1991, the volume had exceeded 9.8 billion cubic meters. The root cause of the rapid development of forest stock in the United States is not to curb wood consumption, but to adopt the opposite policy, which greatly reduces taxes and fees on forest management enterprises, so as to stimulate wood consumption, rapidly increase domestic wood demand in the United States, and actively organize exports. At that time, the rate of return on forest investment in the United States was high, which made many social funds flow to the forest industry, and reduced a considerable part of the taxes and fees of enterprises investing in artificial timber forests, making the area of artificial timber forests expand rapidly. The annual timber harvest has increased from 120million cubic meters in 1952 to nearly 200million cubic meters at present

New Zealand, a major timber exporter, also relied on stimulating timber consumption to stimulate the development of artificial timber forests at the beginning; Russia is a big timber exporter, and its timber stock is not saved by curbing timber consumption. It can be said that large timber countries (except primitive forests) are formed by the pull of the timber industry

Zhu Guangqian, former president of China Timber Association, believes that according to the law of the industrial chain of market economy, there can be output only when there is consumption, which is also applicable to the timber industry. Only when there is strong demand for timber consumption, can artificial timber forests develop rapidly; Curbing wood consumption demand will also inhibit the expansion of artificial timber forest area. On the premise of protecting natural forests and artificial shelter forests, "replacing grass with wood" will not reduce the area of trees, but can effectively promote the rapid expansion of the area of artificial timber forests. The practice of many developed countries has proved this. China has a vast territory and many mountains in the west, which is suitable for the development of artificial timber forests; As long as the measures are effective and we take the road of expanding wood demand and stimulating the development of artificial timber forests, it is entirely possible to change from a large wood importer to a large wood exporter

"forest paper integration" promotes paper and enriches the people

the sun has just risen, and the gorgeous morning glow has put a light layer of morning makeup on the poplar forest that is out of sight. The leaves sing happily with the wind, and the singing of birds, songs and earth digging constitute a group of spring chorus. This is the ruoyuan area in Zhongwei County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. The farmers loosening the soil in the forest happily told, "this is the base of Ningxia Meili Paper Group Company. This place used to be almost desert. The company invested to buy saplings for us to plant, and signed an agreement to be responsible for recycling. The forest I manage can be sold for 80000 yuan in three or four years." Minister He of the company told that this is the company's "forest paper integration" new century strategic project - fast-growing and high-yield forest base, with a total area of 66700 hectares and an investment of 4.2 billion yuan. It plans to build a production line with an annual output of 350000 tons of chemical mechanical poplar pulp, 350000 tons of coated white cardboard and coated printing paper in five years

a person in charge of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region government told, "the project not only produces wood, solves the raw materials for papermaking, but also afforests the land, optimizes the ecology, and has no voice environment in the high-end product market without the unique technology of independent innovation. It also cultivates a new economic growth point, and is a good way for farmers to get rid of poverty and become rich."

an expert from the economic development research center of the China Forestry Administration said that planting artificial forests in Western China can not only improve the forest coverage, but also help adjust the domestic economic structure and cultivate new economic growth points. In particular, it plays a positive role in increasing farmers' income, expanding rural employment opportunities, and prospering the rural economy

the plan was born on this background. Director Zhan of Ningxia Meili Paper Co., Ltd., who participated in the drafting of the plan, told that the purpose and goal of the plan is to innovate in systems and mechanisms to build a "forest paper integrated aircraft carrier" guided by market demand and linked by capital and economic interests. Strive to build a fast-growing and high-yield papermaking forest base of 5million hectares in about 10 years, increase the output of 5.5 million tons of wood pulp, increase the proportion of domestic wood pulp from the current 6% to 15%, and realize the common development of papermaking industry and forestry. The paper industry mainly depends on the base supply of materials, the structure of the paper industry has been effectively adjusted, the water consumption has been significantly reduced, the emission of pollutants has been greatly reduced, and the competitiveness has been enhanced

"forest integration" can overcome the "system barrier"

"now the biggest problem is the problem of the paper base. For example, our base has very dense trees, which must be cut before planting, but the local forestry department insists on mechanically applying the relevant forestry laws and regulations, which must be planted before cutting. In addition, the tax is too high, which increases the burden on enterprises." Yunnan Yunjing Forest Paper Co., Ltd. Mr. Xiong told. A sample of more than a dozen paper-making enterprises with forest integration were interviewed, and the vast majority believed that some forestry systems that inhibit wood consumption seriously hindered the development of "forest paper integration", providing comfortable, healthy and energy-saving green residential products and perfect green property service exhibitions for more than 100000 owners

Hu Nan, President of China Light Industry Investment and Development Association, once pointed out "forestry paper integration" at the "China forestry paper integration investment and Development Forum" There are three hurdles that must be crossed:

the first hurdle: the separation of forest land use right and logging right, that is, the planned management of limited cutting is implemented for industrial plantations, and the owners have no independent disposal right to the forest land they operate, so they cannot cut according to the market demand

the second barrier: at present, the property right structure of forest land is mainly composed of three parts: state-owned forest farms, collective forest farms and decentralized contracting of farmers under collective ownership. Since industrial marketization must be based on the exchange of property rights, the exchange of property rights between state-owned forest farms and collective forest farms is difficult to exchange when the form of property rights realization is "not in place", which is incompatible with the market economy. As for the forests contracted by farmers in a decentralized manner

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